ANESTHESIA, PAIN MANAGEMENT, AND PUBLIC HEALTH: A REVIEW OF TECHNIQUES AND STRATEGIES FOR COINFECTED PATIENTS

Authors

  • Chioma Anthonia Okolo Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria
  • Oloruntoba Babawarun Global Future Redemption Empowerment Foundation, Ibadan 200258, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • Tolulope Oyinlola Olorunsogo Independent Researcher, Nebraska, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/imsrj.v4i3.916

Abstract

 Coinfections, particularly in patients with HIV, hepatitis C, or tuberculosis, present complex challenges in anesthesia and pain management. This review examines the unique considerations, techniques, and strategies for providing safe and effective care to this vulnerable population. It explores the impact of coinfections on anesthesia outcomes, the role of multidisciplinary approaches, and the implications for public health. Patients with coinfections often have complex medical histories, including comorbidities and compromised immune systems, which can affect their response to anesthesia and pain management. Strategies such as preoperative optimization, tailored anesthetic plans, and close monitoring are crucial to mitigate risks and ensure positive outcomes. Multidisciplinary collaboration is essential in managing coinfections, involving anesthesiologists, infectious disease specialists, surgeons, and other healthcare professionals. This approach allows for comprehensive care that addresses the unique needs and challenges of coinfected patients. Public health implications of coinfections in anesthesia and pain management are significant, as they can impact healthcare resource utilization, treatment outcomes, and overall healthcare costs. Understanding the challenges and implementing effective strategies can lead to improved public health outcomes for this vulnerable population. In conclusion, coinfections present complex challenges in anesthesia and pain management, requiring tailored approaches and multidisciplinary collaboration. By addressing these challenges, healthcare providers can improve outcomes for coinfected patients and contribute to better public health outcomes overall.

Keywords:  Anesthesia, Pain Management, Public Health, Techniques, Coinfected Patients.

Published

2024-03-17

Issue

Section

Articles