AWARENESS OF OBSTETRIC DANGER SIGNS AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN WHO ATTEND ANTENATAL CARE IN PUBLIC HEALTH INSTITUTIONS OF ADAMA CITY, OROMIA, ETHIOPIA
Keywords:Pregnant Women, Antenatal Care Follow Up, Awareness, Obstetric Danger Signs, Ethiopia
Improving awareness of women about obstetric danger signs of pregnancy, labor, and postpartum period is the crucial first step in accepting appropriate and timely health care service. In Ethiopia, where pregnancy related complications and maternal death is high, little is known about level of awareness of obstetric danger signs. The aim of this study was to assess Awareness of Obstetric Danger Signs and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women who attend Ante-natal care in Public Health Institutions of Adama City, Oromia, Ethiopia, 2018.
Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2017 to April 2018 and a total of 381 pregnant women were selected using Systematic random sampling technique. Interviewer administered structured Questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were cleaned and analyzed using EPI-INFO version 7 and SPSS window version 20. Bivariate and multi variable Logistic regression was used to assess association between awareness of obstetric danger signs and various independent variables.
A total of 381 pregnant women were participated with 100% response rate. Of all participants about 44.4% knew seven and above obstetric danger signs of pregnancy, labor, and postpartum period. Out of the 381 participants 261 (68.5%), 240 (63%) and 164 (43%) knew at least two danger signs during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period, respectively. Vaginal bleeding was the most commonly mentioned danger signs of pregnancy (59.8%), labor (66.1%) and postpartum (60.4%). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, maternal and husband educational status, residence, and sources of obstetric danger signs related information were significantly associated with awareness of obstetric danger signs. Awareness of women about obstetric danger signs of pregnancy, labor, and postpartum period was low and affected by Partner & maternal educational status, sources of obstetric danger signs related information, and residence. Therefore, it needs to raise women’s awareness of danger signs and associated factors through maternal and child health service by designing appropriate strategies including provision of targeted information, education, and communication.
Copyright (c) 2019 Natnaael Kidanu Yibalih, Worku Dugassa, Addis Alemu
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