TB NOTIFICATION IN CHILDREN: THE EXPERIENCE OF TARGETED COMMUNITY DEMAND CREATION AMIDST INSECURITY IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA

Authors

  • Arinze Emmanuel Ajogwu Caritas Nigeria
  • Ikeru Adaeze University of South Wales, Treforest Campus, United Kingdom
  • Maryann Amaechi Caritas Nigeria
  • Jude A. Ilozumba Caritas Nigeria
  • Chukwuebuka Ugwu Zankli Research Centre Bingham University, Nigeria.
  • Susilo Wulan School of Health Science, Tri Mandiri Sakti, Bengkulu, Indonesia.
  • Uzoma Chidinma Ajegbo World Health Organization, Enugu, Nigeria
  • Obioma Chijioke-Akaniro National Tuberculosis, Leprosy and Buruli Ulcer Control Programme, Nigeria.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/imsrj.v3i2.604

Abstract

This paper explores the challenges and successes of tuberculosis (TB) notification in children amidst a backdrop of insecurity in Imo State, Nigeria. Emphasizing targeted community demand creation strategies, the study investigates the intricate relationship between insecurity, community engagement, and pediatric TB detection. Drawing upon a comprehensive literature review, this research delves into the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of TB in children, the ramifications of insecurity on healthcare access in Imo State, and effective community engagement strategies in healthcare initiatives. The literature findings underscore the substantial burden of TB among children and the distinct hurdles faced in environments characterized by insecurity. The prevailing insecurity in Imo State significantly disrupts healthcare services, leading to delays in TB diagnosis and treatment initiation. Nevertheless, the review identifies community engagement approaches as a promising avenue for bolstering TB notification rates in pediatric populations. These approaches empower local communities to actively participate in the identification and management of TB cases, ultimately contributing to the enhancement of pediatric TB notification. A conceptual framework, derived from amalgamated literature, elucidates the intricate interplay between insecurity, community engagement, and TB notification. This study highlights the pivotal role of community-driven interventions in mitigating the challenges posed by insecurity in Imo State, Nigeria, and presents actionable recommendations for the development of healthcare policies and programs tailored to the region. This research not only augments our comprehension of TB notification among children within insecure contexts but also provides valuable insights into the broader domain of community-based healthcare interventions. It underscores the exigency for customized strategies to address TB in pediatric populations in regions marked by insecurity, ultimately contributing to the amelioration of health outcomes for children in Imo State, Nigeria, and analogous settings

Keywords:  TB, Children, Community, Nigeria.

Published

2023-11-22 — Updated on 2023-11-23

Issue

Section

Articles