Leveraging machine learning for vaccine distribution in resource-limited settings: A synthesis of approaches


  • Charles Chukwudalu Ebulue Department of Community Medicine and Primary Healthcare, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
  • Ogochukwu Virginia Ekkeh Independent Researcher, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria
  • Ogochukwu Roseline Ebulue Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis and Onchocerciasis Research (NITRA), Asaba, Nigeria
  • Chukwunonso Sylvester Ekesiobi Department of Economics, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam, Anambra State, Nigeria




 Vaccine distribution in resource-limited settings remains a crucial global health challenge, exacerbated by factors such as inadequate infrastructure, limited resources, and complex supply chains. Leveraging machine learning (ML) holds promise for optimizing distribution efficiency and ensuring equitable access to life-saving vaccines. This paper synthesizes various ML approaches aimed at addressing vaccine distribution challenges in resource-constrained environments. The literature review examines existing research on ML applications in healthcare and vaccine distribution, highlighting key findings and methodologies. Methodologically, criteria were established for selecting relevant studies, with a focus on ML techniques and their effectiveness in resource-limited contexts.  Key ML approaches identified include predictive analytics for demand forecasting, route optimization algorithms for efficient vaccine delivery, and decision support systems for prioritizing distribution efforts. Case studies illustrate successful ML implementations in real-world settings, showcasing improved vaccine coverage and reduced wastage. Despite promising results, challenges persist, including data scarcity, model generalization, and ethical considerations. Future research directions include enhancing data collection methods, refining ML algorithms for specific contexts, and integrating ML solutions into existing healthcare systems. In conclusion, this synthesis underscores the transformative potential of ML in revolutionizing vaccine distribution in resource-limited settings. By addressing logistical barriers and optimizing resource allocation, ML-driven approaches offer a pathway towards achieving universal immunization coverage and mitigating the impact of infectious diseases on vulnerable populations.

Keywords:  Machine Learning, Vaccine Distribution, Resource-Limited Settings, Synthesis of Approaches.