Developing predictive models for HIV Drug resistance: A genomic and AI approach

Authors

  • Charles Chukwudalu Ebulue Department of Community Medicine and Primary Healthcare, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
  • Ogochukwu Virginia Ekkeh Independent Researcher, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria
  • Ogochukwu Roseline Ebulue Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis and Onchocerciasis Research (NITRA), Asaba, Nigeria
  • Chukwunonso Sylvester Ekesiobi Department of Economics, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam, Anambra State, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/imsrj.v4i5.1119

Abstract

 This paper proposes a novel approach to combating HIV drug resistance through the development of predictive models leveraging genomic data and artificial intelligence (AI). With the increasing prevalence of drug-resistant strains of HIV, there is a critical need for innovative strategies to predict and manage resistance mutations, thereby optimizing treatment outcomes and prolonging the efficacy of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Drawing on advances in genomics and AI, this study outlines a conceptual framework for the development of predictive models that can identify potential drug-resistance mutations in HIV genomes and inform clinical decision-making. The proposed framework integrates genomic data from HIV-infected individuals with AI algorithms capable of learning complex patterns within the data. By analyzing genomic sequences obtained from HIV-positive patients, the models aim to identify genetic variations associated with drug resistance, predict the likelihood of resistance development, and guide the selection of appropriate treatment regimens. This approach holds promise for personalized medicine in HIV care, enabling clinicians to tailor therapy based on an individual's genetic profile and risk of resistance. Key components of the conceptual framework include data preprocessing to extract relevant genomic features, model training using machine learning techniques such as deep learning and ensemble methods, and validation of predictive performance through cross-validation and independent testing. Furthermore, the integration of clinical data, such as treatment history and viral load measurements, enhances the predictive accuracy of the models and provides valuable insights into treatment response dynamics.The development of predictive models for HIV drug resistance represents a paradigm shift in HIV care, offering a proactive approach to treatment management and surveillance. By leveraging genomic and AI technologies, healthcare providers can anticipate and address emerging resistance mutations before they compromise treatment efficacy. Ultimately, the implementation of predictive models holds the potential to improve patient outcomes, reduce the transmission of drug-resistant HIV strains, and advance the global fight against HIV/AIDS.

Keywords:  Developing, Predictive Models, HIV Drug Resistance, Genomic, AI Approach.

Published

2024-05-05

Issue

Section

Articles