GENDER EQUALITY IN THE WORKPLACE: A COMPARATIVE REVIEW OF USA AND AFRICAN PRACTICES

Authors

  • Adekunle Oyeyemi Adeniyi United Nations Population Fund, Sri Lanka
  • Chidiogo Uzoamaka Akpuokwe Independent Researcher, Seattle, Washington State, USA
  • Seun Solomon Bakare Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, Faculty of Law, Leiden University, Netherlands
  • Nkechi Emmanuella Eneh Department of Public Law, University of Cape, Town South Africa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/ijmer.v6i3.842

Abstract

This Review presents a comparative review of gender equality practices in the workplace, focusing on both the United States (USA) and various African countries. Gender equality is a pivotal aspect of societal progress, economic development, and fostering inclusive workplaces. The analysis delves into the differing approaches, challenges, and advancements in promoting gender equality within organizational settings, offering insights into the nuanced landscape of gender dynamics. In the United States, considerable progress has been made toward gender equality, driven by legislative measures, advocacy efforts, and cultural shifts. The Review explores initiatives such as affirmative action, diversity and inclusion programs, and policies addressing pay disparities. It examines the impact of landmark legislation like the Equal Pay Act and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, highlighting advancements and persisting challenges in the pursuit of gender parity. Conversely, the review extends its focus to diverse African practices, recognizing the continent's rich tapestry of cultures, economies, and regulatory frameworks. The Review illuminates regional variations in approaches to gender equality, considering factors such as cultural norms, legal frameworks, and socioeconomic conditions. It sheds light on innovative practices emerging in African workplaces, emphasizing the role of grassroots movements, government interventions, and the empowerment of women in various sectors. The Review also underscores shared challenges faced by both the USA and African nations, including gender-based discrimination, underrepresentation in leadership roles, and the impact of intersectionality on women's experiences in the workplace. By comparing these practices, the review seeks to draw attention to successful strategies, lessons learned, and areas for improvement in advancing gender equality globally. This comparative analysis aims to contribute to the ongoing discourse on gender equality, offering a nuanced understanding of how workplace practices vary between the USA and Africa. By recognizing the unique contexts and leveraging shared experiences, the review seeks to inform policymakers, businesses, and advocates in fostering workplaces that prioritize diversity, inclusivity, and gender equity.

Keywords: Gender Equality, Workplace, African Practice, USA, Review.

Published

2024-03-07

Issue

Section

Articles