REVIEWING THE ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS OF AI IN DECISION MAKING PROCESSES

Authors

  • Femi Osasona Scottish Water, UK.
  • Olukunle Oladipupo Amoo Department of Cybersecurity, University of Nebraska at Omaha, USA
  • Akoh Atadoga Independent Researcher, San Francisco, USA
  • Temitayo Oluwaseun Abrahams Independent Researcher, Adelaide, Australia
  • Oluwatoyin Ajoke Farayola Financial Technology and Analytics Department, Naveen Jindal School of Management. Dallas, Texas, USA
  • Benjamin Samson Ayinla University of Law Business School, Manchester, United Kingdom

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/ijmer.v6i2.773

Abstract

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has rapidly become an integral part of decision-making processes across various industries, revolutionizing the way choices are made. This Review delves into the ethical considerations associated with the use of AI in decision-making, exploring the implications of algorithms, automation, and machine learning. The incorporation of AI in decision-making introduces a myriad of ethical concerns that demand careful scrutiny. The opacity of algorithms raises questions about transparency, accountability, and bias. Decision-making processes driven by AI can be complex and difficult to interpret, leading to challenges in understanding how and why specific choices are made. As a result, ethical concerns emerge regarding the potential lack of transparency and accountability, especially when these decisions impact individuals or societal groups. Bias in AI algorithms poses a critical ethical challenge. Machine learning models learn from historical data, and if that data is biased, the AI system may perpetuate and even exacerbate existing biases. Addressing this challenge requires meticulous examination of training data, algorithmic design, and ongoing monitoring to ensure fairness and mitigate discrimination. The increased reliance on AI in decision-making processes also raises concerns about accountability and responsibility. When AI systems make decisions, determining who is ultimately responsible for those decisions becomes a complex ethical issue. Establishing a framework for accountability is crucial to ensure that individuals, organizations, and developers share responsibility for the outcomes of AI-driven decisions. Moreover, ethical considerations extend to the broader societal impact of AI in decision-making. Issues such as job displacement, economic inequality, and the potential concentration of power in the hands of a few require careful ethical examination. Striking a balance between technological advancement and social responsibility is paramount to ensuring that AI benefits society as a whole. In conclusion, this review highlights the ethical implications of integrating AI into decision-making processes. It underscores the need for transparency, fairness, and accountability to address concerns related to bias, responsibility, and the broader societal impact of AI-driven decisions. Ethical frameworks must evolve alongside technological advancements to foster a responsible and equitable integration of AI in decision-making processes.

Keywords: Ethical, Implications, AI, Decision Making, Process.

Published

2024-02-13

Issue

Section

Articles