A CRITICAL REVIEW OF ERP SYSTEMS IMPLEMENTATION IN MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS: TRENDS, CHALLENGES, AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems have become indispensable tools for managing complex business processes in multinational corporations (MNCs). This paper presents a critical review of the trends, challenges, and future directions associated with ERP systems implementation in the context of MNCs. The study synthesizes existing literature to offer a comprehensive understanding of the evolving landscape of ERP adoption in a globalized business environment. The trends in ERP implementation within MNCs underscore the increasing reliance on integrated software solutions to enhance operational efficiency and facilitate seamless communication across diverse geographical locations. Notably, the integration of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and blockchain into ERP systems has gained traction, presenting new opportunities and complexities for MNCs. However, the implementation of ERP systems in MNCs is not without challenges. Cultural diversity, varying regulatory frameworks, and differences in business practices across regions pose significant obstacles to successful deployment. Additionally, the sheer scale and complexity of MNCs' operations demand careful consideration of customization needs, scalability, and alignment with organizational goals. The critical review highlights the need for a strategic approach to ERP implementation in MNCs. Successful cases often involve top management commitment, extensive user training, and a phased implementation strategy that accommodates regional variations. Furthermore, the study emphasizes the importance of post-implementation evaluation and continuous improvement to address evolving business requirements. Looking ahead, future directions in ERP systems implementation within MNCs are shaped by the rapid evolution of technology and the dynamic nature of global business. The integration of cloud-based solutions, the advancement of Industry 4.0 technologies, and the increasing emphasis on sustainability are anticipated to influence the next wave of ERP adoption in MNCs. This critical review contributes valuable insights into the current state of ERP systems implementation in multinational corporations, addressing trends, challenges, and future directions. It provides a roadmap for practitioners, researchers, and policymakers to navigate the complexities of ERP adoption in the ever-evolving landscape of global business.
Keywords: ERP, MNCs, Industry 4.0, Multinational, Corporation, Review.
Copyright (c) 2024 Glory Ugochi Ebirim, Ifeyinwa Francisca Unigwe, Onyeka Franca Asuzu, Beryl Odonkor, Ese Eigbadon Oshioste, Ugochukwu Ikechukwu Okoli
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