SUPPLY CHAIN INTEGRATION IN MANUFACTURING: A COMPARATIVE REVIEW OF USA AND AFRICAN INDUSTRIES
Supply chain integration is a critical aspect of modern manufacturing, playing a pivotal role in enhancing efficiency, reducing costs, and improving overall performance. This paper provides a comparative review of supply chain integration in manufacturing between the United States (USA) and African industries. The study aims to shed light on the similarities, differences, and potential areas for improvement in both regions. In the USA, manufacturing industries have long embraced advanced technologies and adopted sophisticated supply chain management practices. The integration of information systems, automation, and real-time data analytics has enabled seamless coordination among various supply chain elements, from raw material procurement to final product delivery. Collaboration between manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors has been a hallmark of the American supply chain, facilitating quick response to market changes and reducing lead times. Contrastingly, African industries face unique challenges in achieving similar levels of supply chain integration. Factors such as infrastructure limitations, regulatory hurdles, and varying levels of technological adoption contribute to a more fragmented supply chain landscape. However, recent years have witnessed a growing awareness of the importance of supply chain integration in enhancing competitiveness, prompting initiatives and investments to overcome these challenges. Despite these disparities, both regions share common goals of improving supply chain visibility, responsiveness, and resilience. The study explores successful strategies implemented by the USA and identifies potential lessons that can be applied in the African context. For instance, best practices in the utilization of digital technologies, collaborative platforms, and lean manufacturing principles are examined to provide actionable insights for enhancing supply chain integration in African industries. This comparative review highlights the critical role of supply chain integration in manufacturing and draws attention to the distinct challenges and opportunities faced by the USA and African industries. By understanding the best practices and lessons learned from each region, stakeholders can develop targeted interventions to enhance supply chain integration, fostering sustainable growth and competitiveness in both contexts.
Keywords: Supply Chain, Manufacturing, USA, Africa, Review.
Copyright (c) 2024 Israel Osejie Okoduwa, Bankole Ibrahim Ashiwaju, Onyeka Franca Asuzu, Jeremiah Olawumi Arowoogun, Kehinde Feranmi Awonuga, Ndubuisi Leonard Ndubuisi
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