SUSTAINABLE INVESTMENT STRATEGIES IN PENSION FUND MANAGEMENT: A COMPARATIVE REVIEW OF ESG PRINCIPLES ADOPTION IN THE U.S. AND NIGERIA
The integration of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) principles into pension fund management has garnered significant attention in the global financial sector. This study offers a comprehensive comparative analysis of ESG adoption in pension fund management between the U.S. and Nigeria. Through an in-depth exploration, the research unveils the current state, challenges, and implications of ESG integration in these distinct financial landscapes. The U.S., with its advanced financial markets, has demonstrated a systematic and mature approach to ESG adoption, driven by technological advancements, robust regulatory frameworks, and a shift towards sustainable investment. In contrast, Nigeria, an emerging market, is in the early stages of ESG integration, grappling with challenges such as limited data availability, regulatory intricacies, and the pressing need for ESG education. A pivotal finding of this research is the positive correlation between ESG integration and enhanced financial performance. Pension funds that prioritize ESG principles have showcased resilience in volatile markets, often outpacing their non-ESG counterparts. This underscores ESG's dual role as both a moral and financial imperative. The study further delves into the future outlook of ESG adoption in both nations. While the U.S. is poised for deeper ESG integration, leveraging technological innovations and refined regulations, Nigeria stands at a crossroads, with its trajectory dependent on addressing current challenges and fostering a culture of sustainable investment. In conclusion, the research emphasizes that ESG integration in pension fund management is a profound shift in the financial paradigm, promising a secure, sustainable, and ethically grounded financial future for beneficiaries. The comparative journey of the U.S. and Nigeria offers invaluable insights, setting a benchmark for pension funds globally as they navigate the complexities of sustainable investment in an ever-evolving financial landscape.
Keywords: ESG Integration, Pension Fund Management, Sustainable Investment, Comparative Analysis.
Copyright (c) 2023 Uneku Ikwue, Awele Vivian Ekwezia, Bisola Beatrice Oguejiofor, Mercy Odochi Agho, Chibuike Daraojimba
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