The impact of automation on maritime workforce management: A conceptual framework


  • Oladapo Adeboye Popoola Business Full Spectrum, UK
  • Michael Oladipo Akinsanya Independent Researcher, Frisco, Texas, USA
  • Godwin Nzeako Independent Researcher, Finland
  • Excel G Chukwurah Governance and Protected Data Organization, Google LLC, USA
  • Chukwuekem David Okeke Tranter IT Infrastructure Services Limited, Nigeria



This study presents a systematic literature review and content analysis focused on the impact of automation on maritime workforce management. The main objective was to explore how the integration of automation technologies is reshaping the skills requirements, employment patterns, and operational dynamics within the maritime industry. Utilizing a comprehensive search strategy across multiple academic databases and employing stringent inclusion and exclusion criteria, the study identified and analyzed relevant peer-reviewed articles, conference papers, and industry reports published in English. The methodology involved a detailed examination of the selected literature, categorizing findings according to the effects of automation on workforce dynamics, skill requirements, and the socio-economic implications for maritime professionals. Key findings highlight a significant shift in the industry towards higher demand for technical proficiency and digital literacy among the workforce, coupled with a potential decrease in traditional manual roles. The analysis also revealed a dual impact of automation, offering opportunities for enhanced operational efficiency and safety, while also posing challenges related to workforce displacement and the need for extensive re-skilling. Conclusively, the study underscores the necessity for strategic interventions by industry stakeholders, including targeted training programs and policy frameworks, to facilitate a smooth transition towards an automated maritime future. Future research directions emphasize the importance of longitudinal studies to assess the long-term impacts of automation on the maritime workforce, ensuring the sustainable integration of technological advancements while safeguarding worker welfare and industry growth.

Keywords:  Maritime Automation, Workforce Management, Skills Development, Technological Advancement