NAVIGATING LEGAL AND POLICY CHALLENGES IN THE ENERGY TRANSITION: CASE STUDIES FROM THE UNITED STATES AND NIGERIA

Authors

  • Munachi Chikodili Ugwu Energy and Environmental Law and Policy, Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC, USA
  • Adefolake Olachi Adewusi Independent Researcher, Ohio, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/ijarss.v6i4.988

Abstract

The energy transition is a critical global imperative, necessitating a shift towards sustainable energy sources to mitigate climate change and ensure energy security. However, navigating the legal and policy landscape presents significant challenges. This paper examines the legal and policy frameworks in the United States and Nigeria, two countries with distinct energy landscapes, to identify common challenges and best practices. In the United States, a complex interplay of federal and state regulations impacts the transition to renewable energy. Case studies highlight the role of federal policies, state-level initiatives, and legal battles over energy infrastructure projects in shaping the transition.

Similarly, in Nigeria, regulatory hurdles and socio-economic factors impede progress towards sustainable energy. Government initiatives to promote renewable energy face challenges, including energy access disparities and financing constraints. A comparative analysis reveals both similarities and differences between the two countries' approaches to the energy transition. Lessons learned underscore the importance of regulatory clarity, stakeholder engagement, and policy coherence in facilitating the transition. Drawing on these insights, this paper offers recommendations for policymakers and stakeholders to overcome legal and policy challenges in the energy transition. By adopting best practices and learning from case studies, both the United States and Nigeria can accelerate progress towards a sustainable energy future.

Keywords: Legal, Policy, Challenges, Energy Transition, Case Studies, United States, Nigeria.

Published

2024-04-07

Issue

Section

Articles