CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES ON PAIN: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Authors

  • Chioma Anthonia Okolo Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria
  • Oloruntoba Babawarun Global Future Redemption Empowerment Foundation, Ibadan 200258, Oyo state, Nigeria
  • Tolulope Oyinlola Olorunsogo Independent Researcher, Nebraska, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/ijarss.v6i3.888

Abstract

Cross-cultural perspectives on pain offer valuable insights into how different societies understand, experience, and manage pain. This comprehensive review of anthropological research explores the diverse cultural beliefs, practices, and experiences related to pain. It highlights the importance of considering cultural context in understanding pain perception and management. Anthropological research has revealed that pain is not solely a physiological phenomenon but is deeply intertwined with cultural beliefs, social norms, and individual experiences. Different cultures may have varying concepts of pain, with some viewing it as a natural part of life, while others see it as a punishment or a test of endurance. These cultural beliefs can influence how pain is expressed, perceived, and treated within a society. The review examines how cultural factors shape pain communication and expression. For example, some cultures may encourage stoicism and discourage the open expression of pain, while others may view pain expression as a way to seek sympathy and support. These cultural norms can impact how individuals seek help for their pain and how they interact with healthcare providers. Furthermore, the review explores cultural variations in pain management strategies. While some cultures may rely heavily on traditional healing practices such as herbal remedies or spiritual rituals, others may prioritize biomedical interventions. Understanding these cultural differences is essential for healthcare providers to provide culturally sensitive care and improve patient outcomes. Overall, this review underscores the importance of taking a holistic and culturally informed approach to pain management. By recognizing and respecting cultural differences in the experience and expression of pain, healthcare providers can deliver more effective and compassionate care to individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds.

Keywords: Cross-Cultural, Perspective, Pain, Anthropological, Research.

Published

2024-03-17

Issue

Section

Articles