• Chidiogo Uzoamaka Akpuokwe Independent Researcher, Seattle, Washington State, USA.
  • Seun Solomon Bakare Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, Faculty of Law, Leiden University, Netherlands
  • Nkechi Emmanuella Eneh Department of Public Law, University of Cape, Town South Africa
  • Adekunle Oyeyemi Adeniyi United Nations Population Fund, Sri Lanka



This research explores the legal frameworks and implications of parental involvement in child education in both the United States and African countries. The study recognizes the crucial role that parents play in shaping a child's academic success and well-being and aims to compare and contrast the diverse approaches adopted by the USA and various African nations. In the United States, the analysis delves into the landscape of federal and state-level parental involvement laws, examining their historical development and their impact on fostering collaboration between parents, educators, and schools. The research investigates the effectiveness of these laws in promoting student achievement, addressing educational disparities, and ensuring equitable access to quality education across diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. Concurrently, the study extends its focus to the African context, acknowledging the unique socio-cultural, economic, and political factors that influence the implementation of parental involvement laws in different nations on the continent. With a diverse range of educational systems, the research seeks to identify commonalities and disparities in parental involvement strategies across African countries. It explores the extent to which cultural norms and governmental policies influence parental engagement in the educational process, and how this, in turn, impacts student outcomes. Furthermore, the research investigates the challenges faced by both the United States and African countries in implementing and enforcing parental involvement laws. It scrutinizes potential barriers, such as socioeconomic disparities, cultural differences, and infrastructural limitations, and explores strategies to overcome these obstacles. The comparative analysis presented in this study contributes to a nuanced understanding of the global landscape of parental involvement in child education. By shedding light on the successes and challenges faced by both the USA and African nations, policymakers, educators, and researchers can glean valuable insights to inform the development and refinement of parental involvement laws, ultimately striving for educational systems that empower parents and optimize the learning experiences of children worldwide.

Keywords: Parental, Laws, Child, Education, USA, Africa, Review.