CONCEPTUALIZING FINTECH'S IMPACT ON BANKING: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE USA AND NIGERIA

Authors

  • Uchenna Innocent Nnaomah Independent Consultant, Nigeria
  • Samuel Aderemi Independent Researcher, Canada
  • David Olanrewaju Olutimehin Christfill Global Enterprise, Lagos Nigeria
  • Omamode Henry Orieno University of Bedfordshire, UK.
  • Emmanuel Adeyemi Abaku Gerald and Gerald Exchanges, Lagos, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/farj.v6i3.970

Abstract

This paper presents a comprehensive review of the impact of Financial Technology (FinTech) on the banking sectors in the United States (USA) and Nigeria, offering a comparative analysis to understand the differential effects and integration strategies of FinTech across these two distinct economic contexts. Through an extensive literature review, the paper synthesizes findings from previous studies, reports, and industry analyses to outline the key dimensions of FinTech's influence on banking, including operational efficiencies, customer service innovations, regulatory challenges, and the broader implications for financial inclusion.

In the USA, the paper highlights how FinTech has driven significant advancements in banking through technological innovation, regulatory support, and a strong emphasis on customer-centric services, leading to enhanced operational efficiencies and competitive market dynamics. Conversely, the analysis of the Nigerian banking sector reveals a burgeoning FinTech landscape that, despite facing infrastructural and regulatory hurdles, has made notable strides in promoting financial inclusion and democratizing access to financial services.

The comparative study underscores the critical role of regulatory frameworks, technological infrastructure, and market maturity in shaping the impact and adoption of FinTech solutions. It concludes that while FinTech presents transformative potential for the banking industry globally, its effective integration and sustainable growth are highly dependent on tailored strategies that consider the unique socio-economic and regulatory environments of each country. The paper calls for a collaborative approach among policymakers, financial institutions, and FinTech companies to foster environments that support innovation while ensuring financial stability and consumer protection. By drawing lessons from the comparative analysis of the USA and Nigeria, the study offers valuable insights for other countries navigating the complexities of FinTech integration into their banking sectors.

Keywords:  FinTech, Banking Sector, USA, Nigeria, Evolution, Impact, Comparative Analysis, Future Trends, Policy Recommendations, Financial Inclusion, Innovation, Regulation, Cybersecurity, Digital Divide, Collaboration, Financial Literacy, Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Biometric Authentication, Internet of Things, Quantum Computing, Central Bank Digital Currencies.

Published

2024-03-28

Issue

Section

Articles