DIGITAL BANKING REGULATIONS: A COMPARATIVE REVIEW BETWEEN NIGERIA AND THE USA

Authors

  • Onyeka Chrisanctus Ofodile Sanctus Maris Concepts, Nigeria Ltd
  • Olubusola Odeyemi Independent Researcher, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
  • Chinwe Chinazo Okoye Access Bank Plc, Nigeria
  • Wihelmina Afua Addy Independent Researcher, Maryland, USA
  • Adedoyin Tolulope Oyewole Independent Researcher, Athens Georgia, USA
  • Omotoya Bukola Adeoye Independent Researcher, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • Yinka James Ololade Independent Researcher, Addison, Texas, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/farj.v6i3.897

Abstract

This paper presents a comprehensive comparative review of digital banking regulations in Nigeria and the United States of America. The primary objective is to analyze and contrast the regulatory frameworks governing digital banking in these two countries, with a focus on understanding their impact on financial stability, consumer protection, and innovation in the banking sector. The methodology involves a detailed examination of existing literature, regulatory policies, and legal documents pertaining to digital banking in both Nigeria and the USA. This is complemented by interviews with key stakeholders in the banking industry, including regulators, bank executives, and fintech experts.

Key findings reveal significant differences in the regulatory approaches of Nigeria and the USA. Nigeria's digital banking regulations are found to be more focused on promoting financial inclusion and mitigating systemic risks, reflecting the country's developing economic status and the need to address a large unbanked population. In contrast, the USA's regulations are more comprehensive and sophisticated, emphasizing consumer protection, data security, and maintaining a competitive market environment. The study also highlights the challenges and opportunities presented by these regulatory frameworks, particularly in terms of fostering innovation and adapting to emerging technologies in the banking sector. The conclusion underscores the importance of a balanced regulatory approach that safeguards the interests of consumers and the stability of the financial system, while also encouraging innovation and competition. The paper suggests that both Nigeria and the USA can learn from each other's regulatory practices to enhance their digital banking ecosystems. This comparative review provides valuable insights for policymakers, financial institutions, and other stakeholders in the global banking industry, aiming to navigate the complexities of digital banking regulation in a rapidly evolving technological landscape.

Keywords:  Digital Banking, Regulatory Frameworks, Nigeria, USA, Financial Inclusion, Cybersecurity, Consumer Protection, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Federal Reserve, Fintech.

Published

2024-03-17

Issue

Section

Articles