LNG AND CLIMATE CHANGE: EVALUATING ITS CARBON FOOTPRINT IN COMPARISON TO OTHER FOSSIL FUELS

Authors

  • Cosmas Dominic Daudu Nigeria LNG Limited, Bonny Island, Nigeria
  • Adedayo Adefemi Chevron Nigeria Limited, Nigeria
  • Oladipo Olugbenga Adekoya Nigeria LNG Ltd, Bonny Island, Rivers State, Nigeria
  • Chinelo Emilia Okoli Independent Researcher, Lagos, Nigeria
  • Olushola Babatunde Ayorinde Independent Researcher, Canada
  • Andrew Ifesinachi Daraojimba Department of Information Management, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/estj.v5i2.803

Abstract

The increasing global demand for energy, coupled with growing concerns about climate change, has prompted a critical examination of the environmental impact of various energy sources. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) has emerged as a significant player in the energy landscape, touted for its potential as a cleaner alternative to traditional fossil fuels. This review provides a concise overview of a comprehensive evaluation that assesses the carbon footprint of LNG in comparison to other fossil fuels. The research delves into the lifecycle analysis of LNG, scrutinizing its carbon emissions from extraction and production to transportation and combustion. This holistic approach seeks to unravel the nuanced environmental implications associated with LNG utilization. Comparative analyses with conventional fossil fuels such as coal and oil are conducted, aiming to offer a comprehensive understanding of LNG's relative environmental performance. Key aspects covered include the environmental considerations throughout the LNG supply chain, encompassing extraction, liquefaction, shipping, regasification, and combustion. Special attention is given to technological advancements and innovations that influence the carbon intensity of LNG operations. The assessment incorporates recent data and insights, providing an up-to-date perspective on the evolving landscape of LNG's carbon footprint. The review highlights the significance of evaluating the entire spectrum of emissions associated with different fossil fuels, acknowledging the varying impacts on global warming potential. Additionally, the research considers regional and geopolitical factors influencing the sourcing and consumption of LNG, contributing to a nuanced understanding of its carbon profile in diverse contexts. As the world navigates the transition towards a more sustainable energy future, this research aims to contribute valuable insights into the role of LNG in mitigating climate change. The findings have implications for policymakers, industry stakeholders, and environmental advocates, offering a basis for informed decision-making and strategic planning in the pursuit of a low-carbon energy paradigm.

Keywords: LNG, Climate, Carbon, Footprint, Fossil Fuels.

Published

2024-02-17

How to Cite

Cosmas Dominic Daudu, Adedayo Adefemi, Oladipo Olugbenga Adekoya, Chinelo Emilia Okoli, Olushola Babatunde Ayorinde, & Andrew Ifesinachi Daraojimba. (2024). LNG AND CLIMATE CHANGE: EVALUATING ITS CARBON FOOTPRINT IN COMPARISON TO OTHER FOSSIL FUELS. Engineering Science & Technology Journal, 5(2), 412-426. https://doi.org/10.51594/estj.v5i2.803

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Articles