BIOMASS GASIFICATION FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION

Authors

  • Afor Avwioroko Consultant, PwC, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/estj.v4i2.1289

Abstract

Biomass gasification is emerging as a promising technology for producing hydrogen, addressing the dual challenges of sustainable energy supply and environmental conservation. This process converts biomass into syngas—a mixture primarily composed of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide—through thermal decomposition in a controlled environment. The syngas is then processed to extract hydrogen, which can serve as a clean fuel for various applications, including transportation and industrial processes. This paper provides an overview of the biomass gasification process, detailing suitable biomass feedstock types and gasifier types, such as fixed-bed, fluidized-bed, and entrained-flow gasifiers. It explores the conversion of syngas to hydrogen, highlighting essential catalytic reforming and purification techniques for producing high-purity hydrogen. The environmental benefits of this technology includes the utilization of renewable resources and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions compared to fossil fuel-based hydrogen production. Economically, biomass gasification offers a feasible pathway for decentralized hydrogen production, potentially lowering transportation costs and enhancing energy security, especially in biomass-rich regions. However, the deployment of biomass gasification technology is not void of challenges – some common challenges with biomass gasification technology include coping with the variability of biomass feedstock, tar formation, and the need for technological advancements to improve efficiency and scalability. This paper also discusses ongoing research and potential innovations aimed at overcoming these obstacles, ensuring biomass gasification's viability as a key player in the future hydrogen economy. Through case studies and real-world applications, this paper illustrates the practical implementation and successes of biomass gasification projects, offering valuable insights into best practices and lessons learned. In conclusion, biomass gasification stands out as a sustainable and economically viable solution for hydrogen production, with the potential to significantly advance global clean energy goals.

Keywords: Biomass, Gasification, Hydrogen, Production.

Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

Afor Avwioroko. (2023). BIOMASS GASIFICATION FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION. Engineering Science & Technology Journal, 4(2), 56-70. https://doi.org/10.51594/estj.v4i2.1289

Issue

Section

Articles