HYDROKINETIC ENERGY DEVICES: STUDYING DEVICES THAT GENERATE POWER FROM FLOWING WATER WITHOUT DAMS

Authors

  • Kelvin Edem Bassey Interroof Nigeria Limited, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/estj.v4i2.1285

Abstract

Hydrokinetic energy devices harness the kinetic energy from flowing water to generate electricity without the need for large dams or reservoirs. This technology represents a significant advancement in renewable energy, offering an environmentally friendly alternative to traditional hydroelectric power. Hydrokinetic devices include various designs such as tidal stream generators, free-flow turbines in rivers and streams, and ocean current turbines. These devices operate by capturing the energy from natural water movements such as tides, river currents, and ocean currents through turbines or other mechanisms that convert kinetic energy into electrical power. The study of hydrokinetic energy devices focuses on their design, development, and deployment in diverse aquatic environments. Key areas of research include optimizing turbine efficiency, improving structural durability, and minimizing environmental impacts. Advances in computational modelling and simulation play a crucial role in this field, allowing researchers to predict device performance under various conditions and to refine designs before physical implementation. Hydrokinetic energy systems offer numerous advantages, including reduced ecological disruption compared to traditional dam-based hydroelectric projects, as they do not require large-scale alterations to watercourses. They also provide a continuous and predictable source of energy, particularly in tidal and ocean current applications, where water movements are regular and reliable. Challenges in the development and deployment of hydrokinetic devices include the harsh underwater environment, which can cause mechanical wear and biofouling, and the need for robust mooring and anchoring systems to withstand strong currents. Additionally, ensuring compatibility with marine ecosystems and minimizing impacts on aquatic life are critical considerations. Overall, hydrokinetic energy devices hold significant promise for expanding the portfolio of renewable energy sources. Continued research and development, supported by advances in materials science, engineering, and environmental science, are essential to overcoming the technical and ecological challenges, making hydrokinetic energy a viable and sustainable option for global energy needs.

Keywords: Hydrokinetic Energy, Renewable Energy, Tidal Stream Generators, Free-Flow Turbines.

Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

Kelvin Edem Bassey. (2023). HYDROKINETIC ENERGY DEVICES: STUDYING DEVICES THAT GENERATE POWER FROM FLOWING WATER WITHOUT DAMS. Engineering Science & Technology Journal, 4(2), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.51594/estj.v4i2.1285

Issue

Section

Articles