Nanotechnology's potential in advancing renewable energy solutions

Authors

  • Peter Simpa Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Hull, UK
  • Nko Okina Solomon Marshall University Huntington West Virginia, US Department: Environmental Health and Safety, USA
  • Olubunmi Adeolu Adenekan Independent Telecommunications Engineer and Data Analyst, UK.
  • Scholar Chinenye Obasi University of South Wales, UK

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/estj.v5i5.1137

Abstract

Nanotechnology has emerged as a promising frontier in the quest for sustainable energy solutions, offering transformative opportunities to address pressing challenges in renewable energy generation, storage, and conversion. This review explores the potential of nanotechnology in advancing renewable energy solutions, encompassing a wide range of applications spanning solar energy, wind energy, energy storage, and fuel cells. By leveraging the unique properties of nanomaterials, such as high surface area-to-volume ratio, tunable optical and electronic properties, and enhanced catalytic activity, researchers and engineers can develop innovative materials and devices with unprecedented performance and efficiency. Nanotechnology-enabled advancements in solar photovoltaics include the development of next-generation solar cells incorporating nanostructured materials, such as quantum dots, nanowires, and perovskite-based solar cells, to enhance light absorption, charge transport, and overall power conversion efficiency. In the realm of energy storage, nanomaterials hold promise for improving the performance and longevity of batteries, supercapacitors, and other energy storage devices through enhanced electrode materials, electrolytes, and nanostructured architectures. Furthermore, nanotechnology-driven innovations in wind energy, such as lightweight and durable nanocomposite materials for turbine blades, and advancements in fuel cell technologies, including catalyst nanoparticles for efficient hydrogen production and conversion, exemplify the diverse applications and transformative potential of nanotechnology in renewable energy. Through a comprehensive analysis of recent research and development efforts, this abstract underscores the critical role of nanotechnology in accelerating the transition to a sustainable and renewable energy future.

Keywords: Nanotechnology, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Energy Storage, Nanomaterials.

Published

2024-05-13

How to Cite

Peter Simpa, Nko Okina Solomon, Olubunmi Adeolu Adenekan, & Scholar Chinenye Obasi. (2024). Nanotechnology’s potential in advancing renewable energy solutions. Engineering Science & Technology Journal, 5(5), 1695-1710. https://doi.org/10.51594/estj.v5i5.1137

Issue

Section

Articles