• Oluwatoyin Ajoke Farayola Financial Technology and Analytics Department, Naveen Jindal School of Management. Dallas, Texas
  • Oluwabukunmi Latifat Olorunfemi Independent Researcher, Chester, United Kingdom
  • Philip Olaseni Shoetan Independent Researcher, Lithuania



In today's interconnected digital world, data privacy and security have emerged as paramount concerns for individuals, organizations, and governments alike. This review provides a comprehensive review of techniques and challenges surrounding data privacy and security in information technology (IT) systems. The review begins by outlining the significance of data privacy and security in IT, emphasizing the proliferation of sensitive information stored and transmitted across various digital platforms. With the exponential growth of data collection, storage, and processing, ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data has become imperative. Next, the review delves into the techniques employed to safeguard data privacy and security in IT environments. Encryption techniques, such as symmetric and asymmetric cryptography, play a crucial role in protecting data from unauthorized access and interception. Additionally, access control mechanisms, including authentication and authorization protocols, help manage user privileges and restrict unauthorized entry into sensitive data repositories. Furthermore, anonymization and pseudonymization techniques are utilized to conceal personally identifiable information (PII) and mitigate the risk of identity theft and privacy breaches. Moreover, the review discusses the challenges associated with data privacy and security in IT ecosystems. These challenges include the evolving nature of cyber threats, such as malware, ransomware, and social engineering attacks, which constantly test the resilience of IT defenses. Additionally, compliance with regulatory frameworks, such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), presents significant challenges for organizations striving to adhere to stringent data protection standards while maintaining operational efficiency. Furthermore, emerging technologies, such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and artificial intelligence (AI), introduce novel security risks and privacy concerns due to their interconnected nature and reliance on vast amounts of data. In conclusion, the review underscores the critical importance of continuously evaluating and enhancing data privacy and security measures in IT systems to mitigate risks, comply with regulations, and foster trust among stakeholders in an increasingly digitalized world.

Keywords: Data, Privacy, Security, IT, AI.


2024-03-18 — Updated on 2024-03-27

How to Cite

Oluwatoyin Ajoke Farayola, Oluwabukunmi Latifat Olorunfemi, & Philip Olaseni Shoetan. (2024). DATA PRIVACY AND SECURITY IN IT: A REVIEW OF TECHNIQUES AND CHALLENGES. Computer Science & IT Research Journal, 5(3), 606-615.