• Chidiogo Uzoamaka Akpuokwe Independent Researcher, Seattle, Washington State, USA
  • Adekunle Oyeyemi Adeniyi United Nations Population Fund, Sri Lanka
  • Seun Solomon Bakare Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, Faculty of Law, Leiden University, Netherlands



The paper presents an insightful overview of the intricate legal challenges posed by the proliferation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Robotics. This comprehensive review explores the multifaceted dimensions of the evolving legal landscape, addressing issues at the intersection of technology and law. Key focal points include the accountability and liability frameworks for autonomous AI systems, ethical considerations in the deployment of intelligent machines, and the complex dynamics of data privacy in the age of pervasive automation. The review delves into the intricate legal nuances surrounding intellectual property rights, particularly as AI systems contribute to creative outputs and innovation. It navigates the blurred lines between human and machine authorship, raising fundamental questions about ownership and protection in this digital era. Moreover, the paper emphasizes the global nature of these challenges, highlighting the imperative for international cooperation to formulate harmonized legal standards. As AI and robotics revolutionize industries and societal frameworks, the analysis underscores the critical need for adaptive and anticipatory legal frameworks. It explores how existing legal paradigms are grappling with the unprecedented speed of technological advancements and the ethical dilemmas arising from the delegation of decision-making to intelligent algorithms. The paper sets the stage for a thorough examination of the legal intricacies surrounding AI and robotics. It advocates for a proactive and collaborative approach, involving legal experts, technologists, ethicists, and policymakers in crafting robust frameworks that balance innovation with ethical, privacy, and accountability considerations. This review serves as a foundational resource for understanding and addressing the legal challenges inherent in the transformative era of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Robotics, Legal, AI challenges, Ethics, Review.


2024-03-09 — Updated on 2024-03-14

How to Cite

Chidiogo Uzoamaka Akpuokwe, Adekunle Oyeyemi Adeniyi, & Seun Solomon Bakare. (2024). LEGAL CHALLENGES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ROBOTICS: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW. Computer Science & IT Research Journal, 5(3), 544-561.