A COMPARATIVE REVIEW OF DATA ENCRYPTION METHODS IN THE USA AND EUROPE

Authors

  • Akoh Atadoga Independent Researcher, San Francisco, USA
  • Oluwatoyin Ajoke Farayola Financial Technology and Analytics Department, Naveen Jindal School of Management. Dallas, Texas, USA
  • Benjamin Samson Ayinla University of Law Business School, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • Olukunle Oladipupo Amoo Department of Cybersecurity, University of Nebraska at Omaha, USA
  • Temitayo Oluwaseun Abrahams Independent Researcher, Adelaide, Australia
  • Femi Osasona Scottish Water, UK.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/csitrj.v5i2.815

Abstract

Data encryption is a critical aspect of modern information security, and understanding the approaches taken by different regions is vital for a comprehensive analysis. In the United States and Europe, data encryption methods vary in implementation, legal frameworks, and overall priorities. In the United States, encryption methods are primarily governed by a combination of federal laws and industry standards. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) plays a central role in recommending cryptographic standards, while the Department of Commerce oversees export controls on encryption technology. The focus in the U.S. is on balancing national security needs with individual privacy rights. The tension between law enforcement's desire for access to encrypted data for criminal investigations and the right to privacy has sparked debates and legal battles. On the other hand, Europe has taken a more privacy-centric approach to data protection. The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a cornerstone in the European Union's efforts to safeguard individual privacy rights. GDPR mandates the use of encryption to protect personal data, and failure to implement adequate measures can result in hefty fines. European countries also emphasize the importance of end-to-end encryption in communication services to ensure confidentiality. Both regions prioritize encryption, but their approaches reflect different values and legal philosophies. The U.S. tends to navigate a delicate balance between national security and individual rights, while Europe places a stronger emphasis on the protection of personal data as a fundamental right. In terms of technological implementation, the encryption algorithms adopted in both regions are often aligned with global standards. Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is widely accepted and implemented in various sectors. However, the choice of key management and the level of regulatory oversight differ, contributing to the nuanced landscape of data protection. In conclusion, a comparative review of data encryption methods in the USA and Europe reveals the complex interplay between security, privacy, and legal frameworks. Understanding these differences is crucial for multinational organizations and individuals navigating the intricate landscape of global data protection.

Keywords: Data, Encryption, USA, Europe, Review.

Published

2024-02-18

How to Cite

Akoh Atadoga, Oluwatoyin Ajoke Farayola, Benjamin Samson Ayinla, Olukunle Oladipupo Amoo, Temitayo Oluwaseun Abrahams, & Femi Osasona. (2024). A COMPARATIVE REVIEW OF DATA ENCRYPTION METHODS IN THE USA AND EUROPE. Computer Science & IT Research Journal, 5(2), 447-460. https://doi.org/10.51594/csitrj.v5i2.815

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Section

Articles