Implementing machine learning algorithms to detect and prevent financial fraud in real-time


  • Halima Oluwabunmi Bello Independent Researcher, Georgia, USA
  • Courage Idemudia Independent Researcher, London Ontario, Canada
  • Toluwalase Vanessa Iyelolu Financial Analyst, Texas, USA



Financial fraud poses a significant threat to the stability and integrity of global financial systems. This paper explores the potential of machine learning (ML) algorithms to enhance the detection and prevention of financial fraud in real-time. We employed a quantitative research methodology, utilizing a combination of supervised and unsupervised ML techniques applied to a dataset comprising transactional data from a multinational bank over a five-year period. Key algorithms tested include Random Forest, Support Vector Machines, and Neural Networks, alongside anomaly detection methods like Isolation Forest and Autoencoders. Our findings reveal that ML algorithms can effectively identify patterns and anomalies that signify fraudulent activities, with Neural Networks demonstrating the highest accuracy in detection. The study also uncovered that real-time processing of transactions using these algorithms significantly reduces the detection time, thus preventing potential fraud before it can cause substantial harm. Furthermore, integrating ensemble techniques improved the robustness and accuracy of fraud detection systems.

The paper concludes that the implementation of ML algorithms in financial institutions is not only feasible but also imperative for real-time fraud prevention. It recommends ongoing training of models with updated transaction data and increased collaboration between data scientists and financial security experts to continually enhance the effectiveness of fraud detection systems. This research contributes to the evolving field of financial security by providing a clearer understanding of how ML can be strategically utilized to combat financial fraud dynamically and effectively.

Keywords: Machine Learning, Fraud Detection, Financial Institutions, Ethical Considerations, Privacy Protection, Regulatory Compliance, Technology Integration, Collaborative Frameworks, Deep Learning, Blockchain Technology, Data Security, Adaptive Systems, Real-time Processing, Algorithmic Bias, Data Anonymization.



How to Cite

Halima Oluwabunmi Bello, Courage Idemudia, & Toluwalase Vanessa Iyelolu. (2024). Implementing machine learning algorithms to detect and prevent financial fraud in real-time. Computer Science & IT Research Journal, 5(7), 1539-1564.